Crop Circle History in Brazil

by Colin Andrews

The progression of simple designs, like building blocks, is very consistent in most countries
I’ve researched.  They usually start, as they did in England in the 1970s with a single circles, two circles
of different sizes, then quintuplet set and then circles with a single ring around it and later two rings –
just exactly what Brazil has experienced. The ringed circles have usually come just ahead of the sudden
and dramatic complex patterns and explosion of human circle making.  I think we have to accept, its all
part of the phenomenon.

Perhaps the next will be a circle with two rings and then the highly dramatic phase! We will see.

From Circles Phenomenon Research International


CPR Ref                        
Andrews Catalogue T001x2. Two single circles near Ibiuna, discovered on 17th June, 1969. 8Mtrs and 6
Mtrs a/clockwise swirl. Found in mixed vegetation.  
Colin Andrews data.

Andrews Catalogue T006.  A quintuplet set of circles, first reported from Brazil and  found in grass
during 1996. Reported also by Correio Brasilieuse newspaper.
Colin Andrews data.

Andrews Catalogue T001. A single circle of 8 mtrs, swirled c/w in grass and discovered on the 5th
December 1996. UFO reports in area – By Emerson Rocha.
Colin Andrews data.

Andrews Catalogue T001. Single circle of 10 mtrs dia in corn. Found 27 February 1997. Vivid red light
and strange sound heard. Found in the area of Sepe Tiaraju Regional Airport, Santo Angelo.
Colin Andrews data.

Andrews Catalogue T001. A large crop circle found in corn on the 28 February 1997 at Frangomil Corp
Farm, Santo Angelo.
Colin Andrews data.

Preliminary report about the first Brazilian crop circles  
A. J. Gevaerd, editor of the Brazilian UFO Magazine

(Colin Andrews notes the history of crop circles in Brazil at the bottom of the page)

Ufology is mostly all about going to places to examine the facts in locu, examining all the situations
involved and looking at the witnesses’ eyes, subsequently, checking the truthfulness of the facts. In the
particular case of the first Brazilian crop circles, reported at the morning of Sunday, November 09th,
2008, it couldn’t be any different. Investigating this case meant seeing what the inhabitants of the little
Ipauçu county and other areas in the nearby countryside felt.

It was necessary first to get acquainted with details involving the crop circles in the area of the State of
Santa Catarina, south of Brazil, and then to testify that they are in no way the product of human action,
far less a natural phenomenon, such as meteorological or atmospheric effects. These conclusions are
confirmed by agronomists, engineers, journalists, professors from several fields of knowledge and,
above all, by the humble and savvy small farmers in that region, who were as astounded at the facts as
the aforementioned specialists. A great deal of information on the circles is already available at the
internet, especially on Brazilian UFO Magazine website [].
A. J. Gevaerd (centre) measuring the secondo circle in Ipuaçu (wheat), November 9th, 2008
I now outline a few details of what I and my colleagues found.

1. No indication of a hoax has been found. There were no footprints, no human signs of any kind or tire
tracks, as can be confirmed by the first people who saw the phenomena on Sunday morning and
afternoon, November 9th. Presumably the circles were formed between 10 p.m. Saturday and 2 a.m.
Sunday, but so far this has not been precisely determined. On November 11th, when UFO Magazine
editor-in-chief A. J. Gevaerd arrived at the site, only 2,5 days after the event, a great deal of rain had
fallen over the patterns, which nevertheless remained almost intact. But still many people were – and still
are – visiting the site, which has resulted in relative damage to the first circle and mild damage to the
second one. That, however, did not hinder analysis.
Above, photos of the first circle in Ipuaçu (triticale), November 9th, 2008
Above, photos of the second circle in Ipuaçu (wheat), November 9th, 2008
2. The circles are identical, a detail which helps to discard the human action hypothesis. The first crop
circle, nearest to town, about 2 km from the downtown area, was made on a triticale field. Triticale is a
rougher type of wheat. The second circle, about 5 km away from the first one, was found on a bed of
wheat. Both were 19,6 to 19,8 m across – 9,8 to 9,9 m radius -, had a visible center and were
surrounded by a ring of untouched plants, 1,5 to 1,6 m thick, and by yet another ring of plants equally
crumpled, 2,1 to 2,2 m wide, after which the ordinary plantation is found.

3. All of the plants were crumpled in clockwise direction, both within the circle and in its outer ring.
They are individually bent a few degrees to the right in order to make up a near-perfect spiraled pattern.
An important detail is that the folded plants are in separate from the non-folded one precisely or
“surgically”, i.e., in the contact area between them there are no “half” folded plants or plants that seem to
have been touched. This is a most familiar pattern that has been seen in crop circles worldwide.

4. The plants have been folded up only once, about 2-3 cm from the soil, and all along the stalks (which
in the triticale case, with sturdier stalks, may reach up to 80 cm, and 60 cm in wheat stalks) there was
no signs of further folds or ruptures. In other words, some kind of “power” did fold up all the plants at
one particular spot and did not touch them again. I believe that, if those stalks could be unfolded at the
indicated spot, they would stand up freely because no damage has been caused to them. But I am afraid
that unfolding them would be irreversible, as if the plants had actually been broken.
Agronomer Otacilio Pasa exams wheat plants with Gevaerd and the pattern of fold and unfold plants
(November 9th)
5. In the triticale circle, the land is slightly tilted, some 4-5 degrees west-eastward. On the wheat
plantation, however, the tilt is somewhat bigger, some 6-7 degrees, also west-eastward. Nevertheless,
one can still visually see that the pressure, or whatever “power” was used to crumple the plants, was
equally intense both on the higher and the lower extremities of the crop circles. There were no
variations whatsoever. Both circles were found on the top of small hills.

6. The first crop circle is 1 km away from a small cemetery, and the second circle is about 2 km from
another one. I believe that it is only coincidence, as there are many small cemeteries in that part of the
countryside. The two circle formations are quite near the neighboring dirt roads – 50 to 70 m away –
and have not been made in the open field. That seems to indicate that whoever or whatever made them
wished them to be seen and visited.
People visiting the circles almost destryed them. And Gevaerd registering the patterns of the second
circle (November 9th)
7. One of the things that most impressed me was that the second sign, on the wheat plantation, some 7
km from Ipuaçu’s center, appeared on the outskirts of the farm, just on the borderline between this and
the neighboring estate, to the West. There was wheat to be plucked in the area where the circle was
made, and the pattern was bound to have looked more obvious. If it had been produced a few more
meters away to the West, within the neighboring farm, it would not have been seen, as it is pasture
plantation and had already been plucked. Any crop circle in that area would have been overlooked, also
due to the difference in the plants’ mass as well as is color. The produce is nearly dead now, dried and
darkened, and the wheat was golden, lush and sturdy.

8. The scenery in the land is mesh of small mounds and low hills, some preservation areas and a great
many cultivated areas, especially with wheat, triticale, corn and pasture plantation. The colors and the
overall aspect of the plantations, especially this being the harvest season, all golden – from light to vivid
and bright, alternating unevenly in 360-degree radius, reminded me of the English landscape where most
of the crop circles are found. Both sceneries look very much alike, both in color and its variants, as well
as in the ground aspects and the concentration of native forests. Except that in England, the mound and
hills are lower, apparently.

9. The plants around the circles had been plucked before I reached the site, and the plantation owners
and the harvester operators had decided to preserve the patterns. In the first case, the triticale was
plucked on Monday morning, November 10th. In the second case, the wheat too was plucked early in
the morning, the very next day. Still, I was able to obtain subjective reports from several people.
Curiously, some of them claimed to have “felt things” when they were around or within the circles.
Newsman Ivo Luis Dohl confided that he felt “something very strong and intense when I got close to the
first circle, on Monday, and again when I visited the second circle.”

10. UFOs and small lights – probes, as we call them – have been seen hovering over the site and nearby
areas by a great number of people, from Wednesday evening, November 5th , to Monday, after the
circles were seen, on the 10th. "They seemed to be looking for something”, a witness said. Many citizens
of the little town of Ipuaçu have had sightings. Some, less than 1 km away from the site of the crop
circles, others in the town area. There was a notorious incident involving 4 members of a family who
were going back to their farm, about 3 km away from the second circle, at 2 a.m. on Sunday. The
witnesses reported that they all saw a small but intense red light coming from the circle’s spot and flying
over the road, eastbound.

11. Just a week after the first circles, on the morning of Sunday, November 16th, in the nearby city of
Xanxerê, some 30 from Ipuaçu, it was found a new “circle” close to that town. But immediately it
became clear that it was a fake perpetrated by unknown individuals. The patterns of this “circle” are
absolutely different from the original ones in Ipuaçu. It wasn’t symmetrical in any form, was produced
with many imperfections. Local police is trying to discover who did it, but, whoever it was, certainly the
“circle” was made to discredit the real ones. The perpetrators didn’t succeed.
The fake circle found in Xanxerê (November 16th). Details totally differente from the original ones
12. While all public and media attention was drawn to that fake circles in Xanxerê, in that rainy morning
of Sunday, November 16th, two legitimate news circles, perfect and with exactly the same
characteristics of the original ones in Ipauçu, back a week before, were found, one in Ipuaçu again and
the second in Ouro Verde, another 20 km from that town. They both looked precisely identical do the
original ones, although the new Ipauçu circle is much smaller. These new crop circles are being
investigated right now and, such as the very first ones, witnesses reported strange balls of light – bluish
at Ouro Verde – and sounds, which didn’t happen before at that area. Before closing, I want to stress
the fact that there is now a “fever” around the issue in Western Santa Catarina and he hopes this will
encourage people to report further incidents.
The new circle in Ipuaçu (November 16th), much
smaller the the original. And newsman Ivo Dohl
shows its details
The new circle in Ouro Verde (November 16th), as
big as the the original and under investigation right
See more pictures at:

Download over 100 selected photos from:

My sincere thanks to my good friend and fellow researcher Prof. A.J. Gevaerd in Brazil for this report
and photographs. A.J. is editor of BRAZILIAN UFO MAGAZINE [

A. J. Gevaerd,
Editor, Brazilian UFO Magazine
Sincere thanks to my good friend and fellow researcher in Brazil, Prof. A.J. Gevaerd for this report
and photographs. A.J. is editor of BRAZILIAN UFO MAGAZINE [
I have received an E-mail stating disagreement with some of the views expressed in Prof.
A.J. Gevaerd's report above.  Read the corresapondance dated 18-19-20 November